genealogy of Jesus


genealogy of Jesus
Both Matthew and Luke, in different places in their gospels, record the ancestry of Jesus. Matt. 1:1–17 arranges the names into three groups divided by important historical events, from Abraham to David; Solomon to the Exile; and from the Exile to Jesus: two groups of fourteen generations (Matt. 1:17), by omitting four Davidic kings, and a third group of only thirteen generations, culminating in the birth of the Messiah. The reduction to thirteen spoils the symmetry and is to be explained either because Matt. thus indicates that by the providence of God the neat scheme is overruled and the nation's destiny is fulfilled, or, more probably, because there is here a typical Matthaean muddle, as at 20:22 when Jesus addresses James and John, just after Matt. has deliberately introduced their mother as their spokesperson.
‘Fourteen’ is in Hebrew by the method of gematria the numerical value of David: D + W + D = 4 + 6 + 4.
Matthew's genealogy includes four women, Tamar, Rahab, Ruth, and Bathsheba, who played important roles in OT history but at the end it is Joseph, the legal father of Jesus, who is named. The purpose of Matt. here is to show that Jesus is the legitimate heir to the throne of David, who is mentioned five times in 1:1–17. Two of the four women had disreputable stories; and Ruth becomes great-grandmother of David though she was a foreigner; Bathsheba is deliberately recalled as ‘the wife of Uriah’ the Hittite.
Luke's genealogy comes after the baptism narrative and before the public ministry of Jesus (Luke 3:23–38) and traces the ancestry right back to Adam ‘son of God’; but unlike Matt. the line is taken through Nathan (2 Sam. 5:14) instead of his brother Solomon, and no women are included. It would seem that by going back to the origins of humanity Luke is suggesting that Jesus is the Saviour of the whole world and not only of the people of Israel, as will be repeatedly explained elsewhere in Luke–Acts.
Luke's genealogy is artificially constructed, like Matthew's , but in a different way. He has compiled eleven groups of seven names, and just as the eleven disciples needed to be completed by one more (Acts 1:26), so the eleven groups in the genealogy imply that there is one era yet to come—the time during which the gospel is to be preached to all nations (Luke 24:47): eleven is manifestly incomplete.

Dictionary of the Bible.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Genealogy of Jesus — Rose window in Basilica of St Denis, France, depicting the ancestors of Christ from Jesse onwards …   Wikipedia

  • Jesus myth theory — The Resurrection of Christ by Noel Coypel (1700). Jesus myth theorists see this as one of a number of stories about dying and rising gods. Description The …   Wikipedia

  • Jesus — This article is about Jesus of Nazareth. For other uses, see Jesus (disambiguation). Jesus …   Wikipedia

  • Jesus bloodline — A Jesus bloodline is a hypothetical sequence of direct descendants of the historical Jesus and Mary Magdalene, or some other woman, usually portrayed as his alleged wife or a hierodule. Differing and contradictory versions of a Jesus bloodline… …   Wikipedia

  • Genealogy of the Bible — There are various genealogies described in the Bible.GenesisThe book of Genesis records the descendants of Adam and Eve. The enumerated genealogy in chapters 4, 5 and 11 reports the lineal male descent to Abraham, including the age at which each… …   Wikipedia

  • Genealogy of Christ — • Offers the genealogy according to Saint Matthew and Saint Luke Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Genealogy of Christ     Genealogy of Christ      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Genealogy (in the Bible) — • The word genealogy occurs only twice in the New Testament: I Tim., i, 4, and Tit., iii, 9. In these passages commentators explain the word as referring to the Gentile theogonies, or to the Essene generation of angels, or to the emanation of… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Genealogy — (from Greek: el. γενεά, el. genea , descent ; and el. λόγος, el. logos , knowledge ) is the study of families and the tracing of their lineages and history. Genealogists use oral traditions, historical records, genetic analysis, and other records …   Wikipedia

  • JESUS — (d. 30 C.E.), whom Christianity sees as its founder and object of faith, was a Jew who lived toward the end of the Second Commonwealth period. The martyrdom of his brother James is narrated by Josephus (Ant. 20:200–3), but the passage in the same …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Jesus Christ, Genealogy of — • Offers the genealogy according to Saint Matthew and Saint Luke Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.